What is Myopia and what is its significance?
Myopia or nearsightedness refers to a condition of the eyes in which light passes through the eye and focuses before it gets to the retina. Millions of people all over the world currently have myopia. Traditional methods of treatment have all centered upon ways to compensate for the condition. The methods typically include eyeglasses, contact lenses and refractive surgery. These methods are very successful in compensating for myopia, but until recently there has been no methodology for stopping or slowing down the development of myopia prior to it becoming a significant hindrance.
We now have evidence that there is a way to slow down and control the condition of myopia in many patients before it gets to a level that can affect the eye health of individuals that experience it. Here at Los Angeles Myopia Control we are excited to offer to our patients a new concept in controlling myopia. This is especially significant for children who have parents that have myopia.
Some of the known physical complications caused by myopia include:
Retinal detachment and retinal tears
Myopic macular degeneration
Optic nerve damage
Increased risk of cataract development
What is the underlying cause of myopia in children?
The development of myopia in children is strongly associated with increases in length of the eyeball. It is understood that eyeball length increases in children normally as they grow. The problem with myopia is that this additional increase in eyeball length associated with myopia development creates increased stress upon the structures of the eye which can then lead to ocular complications later in life. These structural changes are what cause the increased risk for patients that develop "high" myopia. (High myopia is defined as myopia measured at -5.00 and up.)